Significant events in life of former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega:
— Feb. 11, 1934: Born in Panama City. Grows up in low-income El Chorrillo neighborhood with adoptive parents.
—1957: Studies at military academy in Peru. Upon return, he joins Panama’s military, the National Guard, becoming chief of western province of Chiriquí.
—December 1969: Allows Gen. Omar Torrijos to land in Chiriquí from Mexico after military uprising against commander of National Guard.
—1970: Promoted to lieutenant colonel and takes over feared G-2, the military intelligence bureau. For a decade he collaborates closely with CIA.
—July 31, 1981: Torrijos dies in plane accident, and members of secret service temporarily take over National Guard.
—Aug. 12, 1983: Noriega assumes command of National Guard, which he will convert to Panama’s Defense Forces.
—May 17, 1984: Electoral court declares Noriega-backed Nicolás Ardito Barletta as winner of presidential election as opposition alleges fraud.
—Sept. 27, 1985: Barletta forced to resign and replaced by Eric Delvalle.
—June 1987: Mass protests erupt after a retired colonel reveals that members of the secret service and electoral court judges were behind fraud in the 1984 election.
—February 1988: Noriega charged in Miami and Tampa with ties to drug trafficking and money laundering.
—Feb. 25, 1988: Delvalle tries to remove Noriega as Defense Forces commander, but legislature removes Delvalle instead.
—March 1988: Coup attempt against Noriega fails.
—May 1989: Elections held and opposition accuses Noriega of interfering in vote, including stealing and destroying ballot boxes.
—Aug. 31, 1989: With Noriega’s backing, Francisco Rodríguez named provisional president after election annulled.
—Oct. 3, 1989: Troops loyal to Noriega put down revolt by other soldiers. Rebels later shot.
—Dec. 15, 1989: Noriega named head of government by National Assembly, which gives him special powers and declares Panama in state of war.
—Dec. 20, 1989: As U.S. troops invade to depose him, Noriega goes into hiding, finally surrendering on Jan. 3 after standoff at Vatican’s diplomatic mission. He’s taken to Florida to face drug charges.
—1992: After conviction, is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug trafficking, though sentence later reduced.
—April 27, 2010: Extradited by U.S. to France, where he is convicted of laundering money in France during 1980s and sentenced to seven years in prison.
—Dec. 11, 2011: Sent back to Panama and immediately imprisoned.
—Jan. 29, 2017: Allowed to switch to house arrest to prepare for surgery to remove benign brain tumor.
—March 7, 2017: Undergoes surgery for tumor, then suffers bleeding in brain that requires second operation hours later, leaving him in critical condition.
—May 29, 2017: Noriega dies at a hospital in Panama City of unspecified causes.