The creation of a model of sustainable water management in the archaeological zones will allow the vital resource to be used for sanitation, cleaning of facilities and irrigation of green areas. If sustainable water management is not implemented, this will continue to negatively affect water supplies.
Verónica Ortega Cabrera, Norma Lizbet González Corona and Susana Esquivel Ríos, specialists of the Teotihuacán University Center of the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico (UAEM), said that as part of the study titled “Sustainable Water Management as an Operational Strategy in the Archaeological Zone of Teotihuacán, Mexico,” they analyzed the benefits of wastewater treatment and contrasted it with the amount of liters of water that are consumed annually in this area.
They argue that since these are public spaces under the management of governmental and academic institutions, it is important to establish a strategy for the sustainable use of water as a public policy in archaeological zones, greatly reducing the pressure upon local aquifers. They pointed towards out the archaeological zone of Teotihuacán as an example of this.
The researchers said that it is necessary to quantify the volume of liquid that can be stored in rainwater wells and then be used for irrigation of green areas. A “good practice” management scheme was needed for the administration of these areas, so that they can continue to enjoy economic benefits generated by ecological balance, through tourism.