When Obama took office, "people-to-people" travelers could only see the country as part of organized tours
In this Aug. 31, 2016 file photo, airport workers receive JetBlue flight 387, the first commercial flight between the U.S. and Cuba in more than a half century, holding a United States and a Cuban national flag on the airport tarmac in Santa Clara, Cuba. photo: AP/Ramon Espinosa, File, photo: AP/Ramon Espinosa, File
02 of June 2017 18:10:25
HAVANA – President Barack Obama's 2014 opening with Cuba helped funnel U.S. travel dollars into military-linked tourism conglomerates even as state security agents waged a fierce crackdown on dissent.The rapprochement also poured hundreds of millions in U.S. spending into privately owned businesses on the island, supercharging the growth of an entrepreneurial middle-class independent of the communist state. It opened a new market for U.S. corporations, with JetBlue and American Airlines operating from gleaming new Havana offices and tens of thousands of private bed-and-breakfasts listed on Airbnb.Internet access became an affordable reality for hundreds of thousands of Cubans as President Raúl Castro met a pledge to Obama and opened nearly 400 public Wi-Fi access points across the country. Meanwhile, longtime enemies separated by 90 miles of ocean struck agreements to cooperate on issues ranging from human trafficking to oil spills.[caption id="attachment_61679" align="alignnone" width="1024"] In this March 21, 2016 file photo, Cuban President Raul Castro, (R), lifts up the arm of President Barack Obama at the conclusion of their joint news conference at the Palace of the Revolution, in Havana, Cuba. Photo: AP/Ramon Espinosa, File[/caption]This is the complex scenario facing President Donald Trump as Cuban-American legislators and lobbyists pressure him to fulfill his campaign promise to undo Obama's deal with Cuba. The administration is close to announcing a new policy that would prohibit business with the Cuban military while maintaining the full diplomatic relations restored by Obama, according to a Trump administration official and a person involved in the ongoing policy review."As the President has said, the current Cuba policy is a bad deal. It does not do enough to support human rights in Cuba," White House spokesman Michael Short said. "We anticipate an announcement in the coming weeks."Still under debate: new restrictions on U.S. leisure travel to Cuba, which has more than tripled since Obama's announcement, to nearly 300,000 last year.Anti-Castro Cuban-American hate the idea of U.S. travelers enjoying mojitos in the police state that drove exiles from their homes and businesses. Tourism to Cuba remains barred by U.S. law, and U.S. travelers to Cuba still must fall into one of 12 categories of justification for their travel, ranging from religious to educational activities meant to bring the traveler into contact with Cuban people.When Obama took office, "people-to-people" travelers could only see the country as part of organized tours — a measure meant to guarantee that U.S. travelers experienced only educational activities such as visits to printing workshops or organic farmers' markets.In reality, the tour requirement guaranteed that U.S. travelers spent virtually every second of their time in Cuba under the direct control of the government, which requires U.S. tour operators to use government tour buses and guides and stay almost entirely in state-run hotels.As his second term came to a close, Obama eliminated that requirement and opened the door for tens of thousands of travelers to book their own independent trips to Cuba.Opponents of Obama's rollback say that has allowed many to engage in prohibited tourism, spending leisure days at the beach and all-inclusive resorts.But individual travel has also served as rocket fuel for Cuba's burgeoning private sector. Tens of thousands of U.S. travelers are booking direct flights on U.S. airlines to Havana, reserving private lodging through Airbnb and spending thousands of dollars on private guides, taxis and restaurants.A former industrial engineer, 31-year-old Adyarin Ruiz runs a four-bedroom bed-and-breakfast in a restored section of Old Havana that's seeing an increasing number of U.S. travelers willing to pay up to $100 a night in a country where state salaries average $25 a month.
But the officials say there's another reason to tighten the U.S.'s Cuba policy: pressuring Venezuela. The Trump administration has been looking for ways to force Venezuela to address the near-daily protests and violence trying to shake President Nicolás Maduro's iron grip on power. Cuba is Maduro's close ally and supporter and measures against the Cuban military would send at least the appearance that the U.S. is taking action.Meanwhile, Cuba is preparing for its own transition. Castro is planning to leave Cuba's presidency in February 2018 and is expected to hand the role to a 57-year-old vice president who has said little about his vision for the country.Rubio's office described the senator's goals as laying the groundwork for a new generation of Cuban leaders to empower ordinary citizens of the island."I am confident the President will keep his commitment on Cuba policy by making changes that are targeted and strategic and which advance the Cuban people's aspirations for economic and political liberty," Rubio said in a statement released by his office Thursday.
Reversing Cuba policy would hurt the Cuban people, restrict US travelers, isolate the US, and cost billions of dollars and thousands of jobs https://t.co/WqKKMdiPK3— Ben Rhodes (@brhodes) June 2, 2017
MICHAEL WEISSENSTEINVIVIAN SALAMA