CARACAS, Venezuela — A senior U.S. diplomat was holding talks with Venezuela's hostile government and its opposition on Wednesday, apparently hoping to prevent a humanitarian disaster and ease a political crisis in the deeply polarized nation.
Thomas Shannon, the U.S. undersecretary of state for political affairs, met Tuesday with several leading opposition figures. Government-backed news media said he was expected to meet Wednesday with President Nicolás Maduro Moros, one of the world's most vociferous critics of the United States.With Venezuela facing an economic crisis that has led to food riots and aggravated political unrest, U.S. officials have said they want to avoid bloodshed and a humanitarian crisis that might spill across its borders, undermining President Barack Obama's legacy in a region where he made history by reopening relations with Cuba.Neither U.S. nor Venezuelan officials gave immediate reports on the content of the discussions.The United States has criticized Maduro Moros' government for jailing critics and blocking the opposition-controlled Congress as part of attempts to squelch unrest caused by growing shortages of food and many other key goods, as well as triple-digit inflation.The U.S. also is backing a scheduled Thursday session of the Organization of American States where regional governments will debate a proposed diplomatic intervention to ease tensions — a measure opposed by Maduro Moros.The opposition is pushing for a recall referendum this year to cut short Maduro Moros' term and trigger new elections. They say the national electoral council and courts are stacked in the government's favor and are trying to delay or kill the recall move.The visit fits with the Obama doctrine of holding talks with adversaries, according to Michael McCarthy, a fellow at American University's Center for Latin American & Latino Studies.The administration may be trying to take advantage of the post Cuba-normalization era in which Latin American leaders are more receptive to outreach from Washington.Shannon commands more respect in Caracas than any other U.S. diplomat, according to Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue think tank in Washington, though that may not be saying much."There is a chance that his conversations will yield some modest progress on democracy and human rights questions, but given the bitterness and rancor between the government and opposition, it is wise to keep expectations in check," Shifter said."The U.S. is pursuing a two-track approach toward Venezuela, working through multilateral channels such as the OAS but also moving on its own and engaging bilaterally to help avert the most dire scenario, " he added.Venezuelan prosecutors on Wednesday indicted two opposition activists on money laundering charges. They had been traveling to assist in the signature validation process for the recall petition.One of them, 30 year-old Francisco Márquez, is a dual Venezuelan-U.S. citizen.In a rare congressional hearing on Venezuela's crisis Wednesday, lawmakers condemned the arrest of Márquez and called on Maduro Moros to release him and a dozen others widely considered political prisoners.