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World

Tensions Tear at France's Far-Right After Election Loss 

The firing Sophie Montel, a close friend of Le Pen's top lieutenant, Florian Philippot, set off the sparks

In this Oct. 6, 2011 file photo, French far-right Front National party leader Marine Le Pen and her director for strategy Florian Philippot gesture during a presentation of the Front National Staff for the presidential campaign's election in Nanterre near Paris, photo: AP/Jacques Brinon, File
3 months ago

PARIS – Tensions within France’s far-right National Front party, on the rise since leader Marine Le Pen’s resounding loss in the country’s May presidential race, are hitting a crescendo as Le Pen prepares to reset party priorities.

The firing of a regional official — a close friend of Le Pen’s top lieutenant, Florian Philippot, whom some claim is no longer loyal to her — set off the sparks.

Sophie Montel’s exit from her post as local president of the National Front in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comte region was made official Thursday before a TV interview by Le Pen. It also comes two days before Le Pen’s annual address from a northern village that the party uses to symbolize the “France of the forgotten.”

Party unity is important as the National Front strives to become a leading opposition force to President Emmanuel Macron’s ruling party and position itself for the next presidential election in five years. The far-left won more than twice as many seats in June’s legislative election than the National Front’s eight, including one for Le Pen.

French newspapers are calling Le Pen’s decision to remove Montel a “putch.”

In this May 16, 2014 file photo, French far-right Front National Party President Marine Le Pen and vice-president Florian Philippot (L) talk to the media at the Elysee Palace, in Paris. Photo: AP/Jacques Brinon, File

The move reveals infighting in the National Front as the party tries to raise its profile, reset its priorities and likely change its name after Le Pen’s resounding defeat by Macron.

Montel — a 30-year party member — charged in a recent interview with France 3 TV that the party was “re-toxifying” after Le Pen’s work to scrub the party image of racism and anti-Semitism. She also said the party was losing its ideological compass.

Louis Aliot, Le Pen’s companion, dismissed Montel’s claims.

“She is a diva who thinks she’s the queen mother since being elected to the European Parliament,” he tweeted.

Montel was close to Florian Philippot, a National Front vice president and top Le Pen aide whose visibility and influence during the presidential campaign topped no one. Philippot made the exit from the euro a priority of Le Pen’s presidential agenda — but that move was not popular with the party’s base.

After Le Pen’s resounding defeat by Macron, Philippot started his own group, The Patriots, raising questions about his commitment to the party.

“There is neither a plot nor a conspiracy,” Philippot said in an interview Tuesday with LCI TV station. “If the National Front gives the feeling that it is incapable of accepting the existence of an association … what a sad image you give of your party.”


The party plans a congress, likely in March, to “re-found” its identity and policies — which Nicolas Bay, the secretary general, said will focus on identity and security issues — and put an exit from the eurozone on the back burner.

“We shouldn’t fear debate,” he said Thursday on Radio Classic but “in conditions we’ve defined together.”

Bay and other top National Front officials have refused to concede that the party’s unity is at risk. He also defended Marine Le Pen as the party’s only legitimate leader, despite her embarrassing performance in a pre-election debate with Macron.

ELAINE GANLEY

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