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World

Seine up to Highest Level in 35 Years, Paris Landmarks Shut

With leading Paris museums closed, the surging currents were a tourist attraction in themselves

People looking at the floods stand on the Alma bridge by the Zouave statue which is used as a measuring instrument during floods in Paris, photo: AP/Jerome Delay
2 years ago

PARIS — The swollen Seine River kept rising Friday, spilling into Paris streets and forcing one landmark after another to shut down as it surged to its highest levels in nearly 35 years. Across the city, museums, parks and cemeteries were being closed as the city braced for possible evacuations.

People arrive at the Musee de Louvre which is closed and tourists being turned away, due to the unusually high water level of the river Seine in Paris, Friday, June 3, 2016. Photo: AP/Markus Schreiber

People arrive at the Musee de Louvre which is closed and tourists being turned away, due to the unusually high water level of the river Seine in Paris, Friday, June 3, 2016. Photo: AP/Markus Schreiber

The Seine was expected to peak in Paris sometime later Friday at about five meters (16 feet, 3 inches) above normal. Authorities shut the Louvre museum, the national library, the Orsay museum and the Grand Palais, Paris’ striking glass-and-steel topped exhibition center.

“We evaluate the situation for all the (cultural) buildings nearly hour-by-hour,” said Culture Minister Audrey Azouley, speaking to journalists outside the world-famous Louvre. “We don’t know yet the evolution of the level of the Seine River in Paris.”

At the Louvre, home to Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa,” curators were scrambling to move some 250,000 artworks from basement storage areas at risk of flooding to safer areas upstairs.

Nearly a week of heavy rain has led to serious flooding across a swathe of Europe, leaving 16 people dead and others missing.

Although the rain has tapered off in some areas, floodwaters are still climbing and could take weeks to clear. Traffic in the French capital was snarled as flooding choked roads and several Paris railway stations shut down.

Basements and apartments in the capital’s well-to-do 16th district began to flood Friday afternoon as the river crept higher, and authorities were preparing possible evacuations in a park and islands on Paris’ western edge.

French authorities activated preliminary plans to transfer the French presidency, ministries and other sensitive sites to secure places in case of flooding. The SGDSN security agency says the French presidency and the prime minister’s office are not immediately threatened but the National Assembly and the Foreign Ministry were at greater risk.

Two people use a canoe on a flooded street in the town of Moret sur Loing south of Paris, France, Friday, June 3, 2016. Photo: AP/Markus Schreiber

Two people use a canoe on a flooded street in the town of Moret sur Loing south of Paris, France, Friday, June 3, 2016. Photo: AP/Markus Schreiber

In addition to the Louvre, the Orsay museum, home to a renowned collection of impressionist art on the left bank of the Seine, was also closed Friday as was the Grand Palais, which draws 2.5 million visitors a year.

The Louvre said the museum had not taken such precautions in its modern history — since its 1993 renovation at the very least. Disappointed tourists were being turned away but most were understanding.

“It’s good that they are evacuating the paintings. It’s a shame that we couldn’t see them today, but it’s right that they do these things,” said Carlos Santiago, visiting from Mexico.

Elsewhere in Europe, authorities were counting the cost of the floods as they waded through muddy streets and waterlogged homes.

German authorities said the body of a 65-year-old man was found in the town of Simbach am Inn and a 72-year-old man died of a heart attack after being rescued from a raging stream in the village of Triftern, bringing the country’s death toll from recent flooding to 11.

France’s Interior Ministry also reported the death of a 74-year-old man who fell from his horse and drowned in a river in the Seine-et-Marne region east of Paris, the second death in France.

In eastern Romania, two people died and 200 people were evacuated from their homes as floods swept the area, including one man ripped from his bicycle by a torrent of water in the eastern village of Ruginesti.

In Belgium, rescue workers found the body of a beekeeper swept away by rising waters while trying to protect his hives in the village of Harsin.

The German Insurance Association estimates this week’s flooding has caused some 450 million euros ($500 million) in damage in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg alone.

The foul weather has added to the major travel disruptions France is already experiencing after weeks of strikes and protests by workers upset over the government’s proposed labor reforms. French rail company SNCF said the strikes had led to the cancellation of 40 percent of the country’s high-speed trains.

French energy company Enedis said more than 20,000 customers were without power to the east and south of Paris.

Paris measures Seine water levels using an unusual method called the Austerlitz scale, which compares the surface level with an underwater sensor at the Austerlitz Bridge, said regional environment director Jerome Goellner.

Combo of images, from Sunday, April 12, 2015, top, and Friday June 3, 2016 showing the extent of the rise in the floodwaters of the Seine river in Paris. Photo: AP/Thibault Camus

Combo of images, from Sunday, April 12, 2015, top, and Friday June 3, 2016 showing the extent of the rise in the floodwaters of the Seine river in Paris. Photo: AP/Thibault Camus

In normal times, the river level is between one meter and two meters (three feet, three inches to 6.5 feet) on the Austerlitz scale, he said, a historical system used out so one flood can be compared to another. But a piece of trash trapped in the sensor led authorities to undercount the rise of the Seine this week, he said.

The Seine so far has risen about 4.5 meters (15 feet) from its typical position following days of heavy rain. Goellner says it’s not possible to put a precise time on the peak expected Friday but “we’re near the maximum.”

Extreme rainfall, such as that hitting France, has increased worldwide and especially in Europe because of man-made climate change, four different scientists said on Friday. They said downpours like this are one of the clearest signals of global warming.

Record-breaking rainfall in Europe has increased 31 percent from 1980 to 2010, when compared to the previous 80 years, according to a 2015 Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research study.

“These increasing trends have already been measured and are now affecting every storm that forms, including recent storms in France,” said Gerald Meehl, a climate scientist at the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research,

With leading Paris museums closed, the surging currents were a tourist attraction in themselves. Prakash Amritraj of India, a 42-year-old visiting with his wife and two children, took selfies on the Mirabeau Bridge in western Paris.

“I had never thought of possible floods in Paris city center. In India, we have the monsoon, but here! It’s not supposed to happen!” he said.

While he sympathized with all those affected, he appreciated the flooding from a different perspective.

“It’s kind of beautiful, in a way,” he said.

RAPHAEL SATTER
ANGELA CHARLTON

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