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World

Hacking Arrest, Fake News in Tense French Presidential Race

Paris prosecutors launched a preliminary investigation into whether fake news is being used to influence Sunday's vote

Supporters of far-right presidential candidate Marine le Pen prepare for her arrival with balloons in Ennemain, northern France, Thursday, May 4, 2017, photo: AP/Michel Spingler
3 weeks ago

ALBI, France – Allegations of fake news and hacking attempts dominated France’s tense presidential campaign on Thursday, with just two days left for independent Emmanuel Macron and his far-right rival Marine Le Pen to win over voters before this weekend’s high-stakes runoff.

Paris prosecutors launched a preliminary investigation into whether fake news is being used to influence Sunday’s vote, as front-runner Macron and populist Le Pen rallied thousands at their last big campaign events — in opposite parts of the divided country.

There has been intense anxiety in France over the possibility that viral misinformation or hackers could influence the presidential vote, as in the U.S. election last year. Those fears have largely failed to materialize.

French presidential election candidate for the En Marche ! movement Emmanuel Macron, right, visits the VOA glass-making company during a campaign trip in Albi, southwestern France, Thursday, May 4, 2017. Photo: AP/Eric Feferberg

Then on Thursday, Macron’s campaign filed suit against an unknown source “X” after Le Pen suggested during their only one-on-one debate that the former banker could have an offshore account.

“I hope we won’t find out you have an offshore account in the Bahamas,” Le Pen said during the tense prime-time showdown Wednesday night.

She appeared to be referring to two sets of apparent forgeries, published just hours earlier, that purported to show Macron was somehow involved with a Caribbean bank and a firm based on the island of Nevis.

Macron’s camp said the former investment banker was the victim of a “cyber-misinformation campaign.” Speaking on France Inter radio, Macron blamed Le Pen for spreading “fake news” and said he never held a bank account “in any tax haven whatsoever.”

“All this is factually inaccurate,” Macron said.

In a subsequent twist, Le Pen’s campaign said a far-left hacker was arrested this week and confessed to repeatedly targeting its website. In a statement Thursday, the campaign gave few details about the seriousness of the interference, which could range from attempts at defacing the website to flooding it with bogus traffic.

Supporters of far-right presidential candidate Marine le Pen wait for her near a portrait of the candidate in Ennemain, northern France, Thursday, May 4, 2017. Photo: AP/Michel Spingler

Police referred questions to prosecutors, who wouldn’t comment.

In a fiery speech delivered late Thursday in a field in northern France, Le Pen made an emotional appeal to desperate farmers, the jobless and the disillusioned.

Painting herself as the “voice of the people,” she said her rival would continue the painful status quo.

Thousands of supporters climbed on hay bales or clustered in the field in the village of Ennemain to hear her speak, chanting “We love you Marine!” and “Marine President!”

Le Pen said she represents “the widow of the farmer who killed himself because he couldn’t stand it anymore” as well as the company chief who sees a public bid go to a foreign competitor, and the taxi driver who lost his job to “Uberization.”

“Don’t let them steal the election,” she warned, summoning voters to join Sunday’s “rendezvous with history.”

Among those in the wildly cheering crowd was Gaelle Vincent, who wore a French flag in her hair to hear Le Pen speak.

“People think little villages like us vote National Front because we don’t like Arabs and are racist,” the 35-year-old Vincent said. “We’re not racist. We have to preserve our land and our values.”

Macron, meanwhile, was on France’s southern edge in the Pyrenees town of Albi, visiting disgruntled workers at a glass factory before holding his last campaign rally in which he called on voters from the left and right to choose his reformist, pro-European platform.

Macron arrived to booing and slogan-shouting from dozens of protesting workers. But after 15 minutes of talking, the 39-year-old front-runner managed to calm some of their anger.

Union leader Michel Parraud called Macron “very kind and very polite,” although he said he didn’t think the pro-business centrist would do much for factory workers.

Macron pledged to “give strength back to the country” and “build a more efficient and fair society,” speaking from an open-air stage in Albi’s central square.

Le Pen’s suggestion that Macron might have an offshore account cuts to the heart of her portrayal of him as an elitist former banker far removed from the people’s worries. She later backed away from the suggestion of an offshore account, but prosecutors launched a probe into suspicions of forgery and the spreading of false news in order to divert votes.

In the alleged documents spread online late Wednesday, the “M” in Macron’s purported signature didn’t match his genuine signature, and whoever wrote the documents appeared confused as to whether the firm was a limited company or a limited liability corporation.

Metadata embedded in the document suggest it was created just before being posted online — undermining the anonymous poster’s claim to have circulated the documents to “hundreds of French journalists” who had “all sat on this.”

There were indications the documents had ties to far-right circles in California. One document purported to have been drawn up under the laws of Nevis but actually drew some of its language from a guide to forming limited liability companies in California. The documents first appeared on Mixtape, a relatively new northern California-based file-sharing service.

The Macron campaign identified the first tweet referring to the documents as coming from the Twitter account of Nathan Damigo, a far-right activist and convicted felon based in northern California. Damigo is known on social media for punching a female anti-fascist in the face at a Berkeley protest.

Messages left by news outlets with Damigo weren’t immediately returned.

Macron, meanwhile, got support from across the ocean.

In a message posted Thursday on Macron’s Twitter account, former U.S. President Barack Obama said he was endorsing the centrist candidate “because of how important this election is.”

“I have admired the campaign that Emmanuel Macron has run. He has stood up for liberal values. He put forward the vision for the important role that France plays in Europe and around the world. And he has committed to a better future for French people.”

Obama ended his message with the words “En Marche” — the name of Macron’s political movement — and “Vive La France.”

SYLVIE CORBET
ELAINE GANLEY

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