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World

First Chibok Girl to Escape Boko Haram to be Fêted in Nigeria

Her escape highlights the failure of two Nigerian governments and the military to rescue the girls snatched from a government boarding school in the town of Chibok

Soldiers stand guard in front of the government secondary school in Chibok, Nigeria, photo: AP/Haruna Umar, File
1 year ago

LAGOS, Nigeria — The first Chibok teenager to escape from Boko Haram’s Sambisa Forest stronghold was flown to Abuja on Thursday and met with Nigeria’s president, even as her freedom adds pressure on the government to do more to rescue 218 other missing girls.

Joy and renewed hope have met the discovery Tuesday of the 19-year-old, who was 17 when she was abducted, though she appears too traumatized to understand her central role in the tragedy that captured worldwide attention and shone a spotlight on the violent methods of Nigeria’s home-grown Islamic extremists.

In this Monday June, 2, 2014 file photo, some of the escaped kidnapped girls of the government secondary school Chibok, arrive for a meeting with Borno state governor, Kashim Shettima, in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Photo: AP/Jossy Ola, File

In this Monday June, 2, 2014 file photo, some of the escaped kidnapped girls of the government secondary school Chibok, arrive for a meeting with Borno state governor, Kashim Shettima, in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Photo: AP/Jossy Ola, File

The young woman was shielded from journalists when she arrived at the presidential villa, with her mother carrying her four month-old baby, and in the company of an activist for child and women’s rights, Maryam Uwais. The group was shown into President Muhammadu Buhari’s office for a private meeting that was continuing after 45 minutes.

Aid workers said the young woman should be getting medical care.

“It is an outrage!” Francisca Vigaud-Walsh, women and girls’ advocate at Refugees International told The Associated Press, saying her case should not be politicized.

“This is the time for her to be given access to clinical management of rape services and sustained psychological assistance to assist her with her trauma from both being in captivity for two years and the dramatic change she is now undergoing,” she said from the organization’s Washington headquarters.

Boko Haram is believed to have kidnapped thousands of children.

Boko Haram is believed to have kidnapped thousands of children.

Nigerian hunters found the young woman wandering on the fringes of the remote northeastern forest on Tuesday and reunited her with her mother, family doctor Idriss Danladi said after speaking with the mother.

The young woman already has provided valuable information, revealing that some of the Chibok girls have died in captivity and the others continue to be held hostage, according to Danladi.

Authorities will be asking her where her classmates are being held. If Boko Haram tries to move large groups of girls because of her escape, those movements can be captured by satellites and air reconnaissance.

The woman, with her mother and baby, was taken to a military camp and flown by helicopter Wednesday to Maiduguri, the biggest city in the northeast that is the birthplace of Boko Haram and the headquarters of Nigeria’s war against the extremist group.

She was handed over to Borno state Gov. Kashim Shettima, who declared he would in turn hand her to President Muhammadu Buhari “to present to the nation.” The woman’s uncle confirmed she arrived in Abuja on Thursday for a meeting with Buhari.

Aid workers say the young woman is a victim of sexual assault, which is why The Associated Press is not identifying her by name. Hostages who escaped have said Boko Haram forces victims to convert, marry and copulate “to create a new generation” of extremists.

The teenager and her baby on Wednesday “were examined at Air Force medical facility and were found to be stable and normal blood pressure was observed,” said army spokesman Col. Usman Kukasheka Usman. “Thereafter, she was released to the (military’s) Operation Lafiya Dole headquarters for further investigation and handing over.”

Nigeria’s military claimed it had rescued the young woman, though its initial statement identified the escapee as another Chibok girl who is still missing.

Her escape highlights the failure of two Nigerian governments and the military to rescue the girls snatched from a government boarding school in the town of Chibok the night of April 14, 2014. The schoolgirls have not been found, despite the help of drones, hostage negotiators and intelligence officers sent by the United States, France and Britain.

That failure is partly to blame for the electoral defeat last year of former President Goodluck Jonathan, who was seen as uncaring of their plight and uncommitted to rescuing them. President Muhammadu Buhari earlier this month told CNN he has not seen a proof-of-life video that Boko Haram sent to the government months ago in a bid to open negotiations. It was the first indication in two years that some of the girls are alive.

Aid workers warn that escaping Boko Haram does not mean an end to trauma.

This May 12, 2014, file image taken from video posted by Nigeria's Boko Haram terrorist network purports to show the missing girls abducted from a boarding school in the northeastern town of Chibok. Photo: Militant Video via AP, File

This May 12, 2014, file image taken from video posted by Nigeria’s Boko Haram terrorist network purports to show the missing girls abducted from a boarding school in the northeastern town of Chibok. Photo: Militant Video via AP, File

Former captives, especially pregnant victims or teen-aged mothers, frequently are ostracized and taunted as “Boko Haram wives.” UNICEF spokeswoman Helene Sandbu Ryeng said other escapees from Boko Haram “often face mistrust, stigma and rejection when they return to their communities.”

The treatment of thousands of other rescued or escaped Boko Haram hostages who are further abused by military detention has been condemned by Refugees International.

“Boko Haram abductees are frequently and arbitrarily detained,” said spokeswoman Alyssa Eisenstein. “Previous girls have been taken to Giwa military barracks, where they were interrogated, treated with suspicion and fear, and had no access to medical services.”

Amnesty International this month called Giwa barracks, in Maiduguri, “a place of death” where babies and children are among scores of people dying from disease, hunger, dehydration and gunshot wounds. Nigeria’s military denied the allegations, calling them “a surprise and shock because the organization has accessed the facilities and made recommendations which were implemented.” Amnesty denied the military’s statement, saying it was “completely false” and that the rights organization has never been allowed to inspect the barracks.

The fresh charges of longstanding alleged military abuses come as the U.S. administration is considering a Nigerian request to buy 12 Super Tucano light attack aircraft to fight Boko Haram, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken confirmed last week. Attempts by the Jonathan administration to buy U.S. helicopter gunships were blocked, in part because of alleged military abuses.

MICHELLE FAUL

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