A cease-fire and disarmament agreement between Colombia's government and the country's biggest leftist rebel group has put the South American nation on the threshold of ending a five-decade war
A pigeon flies over a Bolivar's square in Bogota, Colombia, Thursday, June 23, 2016. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and the head of the country's leftist FARC rebels agreed Thursday on a cease-fire and rebel disarmament deal that moves the country to the brink of ending a 52-year war that has left more than 220,000 people dead. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara), photo: AP/Fernando Vergara
27 of June 2016 13:51:05
A cease-fire and disarmament agreement between Colombia's government and the country's biggest leftist rebel group has put the South American nation on the threshold of ending a five-decade war. Here are some of the remaining hurdles:LAYING DOWN THEIR ARMSThe deal does not mark the start of a cease-fire. That will begin only with the signing of a final peace deal that authorities hope to achieve as early as next month. A day after an accord is signed, Colombia's army will reposition troops to protect rebel fighters as they move to transition zones where they will turn in their arms and begin the process of moving back into civilian life. The 7,000 fighters in the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) will be required to completely put down their arms within at most six months. The arms will be delivered to U.N. monitors.REBEL DISTRUSTNegotiators still must determine how the deal will be given legal armor so it won't unravel should a more conservative government succeed President Juan Manuel Santos, who leaves office in 2018. Rebels, wary of past experiences, are also demanding guarantees of safety after they lay down their arms and form a political movement. A similar peace attempt in the 1980s led to thousands of rebels and their sympathizers being killed by paramilitaries and corrupt soldiers.