US President Barack Obama’s administration has deported four million undocumented immigrants, mostly from Mexico, Guatemala and other Central American countries. However, according to Norma Baca Tavira, coordinator of the Center for the Study of International Migrations and Mobilities, there have been few studies about the issue of returning migrants, voluntarily or forced by deportation.
Baca said that there are about 12 million undocumented Mexicans living in the United States, and that there are more than 30 million Mexican-Americans.
Baca says that it is important to study and analyze the issue of returning migrants, especially of deportees who stay close to the border, trapped by their migratory status.
Baca noted that their are new problems relating to migrants who return to their places of origin, only to find them impoverished. Many children of such migrants may not have birth certificates.
In this context, she emphasized, the State has a challenge to understand what is happening with returned migrants of different ages and their needs regarding education and services, including health services.
The professor at the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico (UAEM) affirmed that the State needs a special program to address returning migrants, an issue that is affecting the country in many areas, including health and labor markets.