SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — Puerto Rico’s governor unveiled a stark budget Monday that sets aside more than $200 million for a critical bond payment as the U.S. territory sinks into a deep economic crisis.
The proposed $9.1 billion budget for the upcoming fiscal year is $700 million smaller than the current one and calls for nearly $3 billion in cuts to government operating expenses.
Legislators have to approve a budget by July 1, the day a $2 billion debt payment is due. Gov. Alejandro García Padilla said he set aside only $209 million to help pay interest linked to that debt. The anticipated default is scheduled to be Puerto Rico’s biggest one yet.
“We have made clear that we’re not going to pay more than what is fair so as not to affect essential services,” he said in a televised address. “Paying it in full would have meant stripping health services from approximately more than a million people, or we would have had to lay off countless number of police officers, closed a hospital, be left without school transportation or garbage collection.”
Puerto Rico is being smothered by $70 billion in public debt that García Padilla has said is unpayable as he seeks relief from the U.S. government because there are no local or federal laws that allow Puerto Rico to declare bankruptcy. A recently approved U.S. House bill would allow for some restructuring and establish a federal control board, but the U.S. Senate still has to debate the measure as Puerto Rico’s government warns it is running out of time and money.
The proposed budget does not call for any new taxes or more borrowing.
“We will depend exclusively on money collected by the Treasury Department,” García Padilla said. “It has never been so difficult for a government to present a budget. We are at a stage of uncertainty.”
With Puerto Rico struggling from a 10-year economic slump, the proposed budget shields the health, education, public security, agriculture and social welfare agencies from new cuts. It also seeks to set aside $215 million for struggling municipalities that depend on the island’s Government Development Bank, which is under a state of emergency and is running out of money. The budget also calls for an additional $25 million to boost resources and eliminate the operational deficit at the island’s largest hospital.
In addition, an extra $75 million is proposed to help boost government pensions, which have been underfunded by more than $40 billion.
Opposition legislator María de Lourdes Santiago, who supports independence for Puerto Rico, criticized the governor’s speech as being opaque and evasive on a critical issue.
“A message that lacked content and the ongoing pleading attitude points to a lack of will for anything except to sit and wait for the U.S. Congress and the implementation of a fiscal control board,” she said.
Vicente Feliciano, an economist and business consultant in San Juan, said he was still analyzing the budget but warned of an intense debate in coming weeks.
“The legislature will have to make difficult decisions that it would not like to take under normal circumstances,” he said.